Short Communication - European Journal of Applied Engineering and Scientific Research ( 2021) Volume 9, Issue 12
Received: 01-Dec-2021 Published: 22-Dec-2021
Boron carbide has a complex crystal structure typical of icosahedron-based borides. There, B12 icosahedra form a rhombohedral lattice unit (space group: R3m (No. 166), lattice constants: a = 0.56 nm and c = 1.212 nm) surrounding a C-B-C chain that resides at the center of the unit cell, and both carbon atoms bridge the neighboring three icosahedra. This structure is layered: the B12 icosahedra and bridging carbons form a network plane that spreads parallel to the c-plane and stacks along the c-axis. The lattice has two basic structure units – the B12 icosahedron and the B6 octahedron. Because of the small size of the B6 octahedra, they cannot interconnect. Instead, they bond to the B12 icosahedra in the neighboring layer, and this decreases bonding strength in the c-plane. The results of this study indicated that boron carbide (B4C) powder has been cleanly penetrated to the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with little observed deformation.