The gut brain axis on chip | Abstract
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European Journal of Applied Engineering and Scientific Research


The gut brain axis on chip

Author(s): Mariana García-Corral Islas

Nanotechnology is a cutting-edge field that extends different possibilities for the study and treatment of different diseases. In this work the most widespread neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer disease (AD), has been studied under Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) in vitro model. An alternative animal-free in vitro model has been developed for a low cost, easy to work system that simulate the main drug access to the brain, the BBB, by means an Organ-on-a-chip devices. Two different 3D BBB-on-a-chip configurations has been studied, optimized and compared: the sandwich and the lateral platforms. The sandwich configuration was fabricated in a multilayer fashion, integrating two perpendicular channels separated by a 1 µm pores polycarbonate membrane. Meanwhile the lateral configuration was fabricated in a horizontal design with parallel channels separated by 100 µm distances stacks. In the second channel a 3D hydrogel is inserted as a membrane. Photolithographed electrodes where included in the design in each of the channels to measure the BBB permeability by Transepithelial/transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER). COMSOL Multiphysics was used to simulate fine elements of both configurations, considering the liquid flow, pressure and volume of liquid crossing the membrane, shear stress and the electrical field for both configuration to study, which is on theory the most efficient strategy. Lateral BBB-on-a-chip platform was tested experimentally, fabricating the chips and cell seeding it with a tri-culture of first; human astrocytes and pericytes inside the hydrogel in the second channel, to simulate the brain interstitial fluid (ISF) and then endothelial cells in the first channel to growth up the vascular barrier generated by this cells. Confocal fluorescence microscope was used in combination with immunostaining to characterize the formed cells barrier and to show the correct development of tight junctions between the adjacent brain endothelial cells.