Received: 30-Jul-2023, Manuscript No. DPL-23-113050;
Editor assigned: 03-Aug-2023, Pre QC No. DPL-23-113050 (PQ);
Reviewed: 17-Aug-2023, QC No. DPL-23-113050;
Revised: 24-Aug-2023, Manuscript No. DPL-23-113050(R);
, DOI: 10.37532/dpl.2023.15.05
, Citations: Aggarwal H. 2023. Understanding the Causes, Symptoms, and Management of Atopic Eczema. Der Pharma Lett.15:05-06.
Copyright: © 2023 Aggarwal H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Atopic eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common chronic skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed skin patches that can be both physically and emotionally distressing. While atopic eczema can manifest at any age, it predominantly affects children. This article explores the causes, symptoms, and management strategies for atopic eczema, focuses on this challenging condition. The exact cause of atopic eczema remains unclear, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Individuals with a family history of eczema, allergies, or asthma are at a higher risk of developing the condition. Environmental factors can also trigger or exacerbate atopic eczema. These may include exposure to allergens like pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and certain foods. Additionally, contact with harsh soaps, detergents, or other irritants can worsen symptoms.
The symptoms of atopic eczema can vary from person to person and may change over time. Common symptoms include
Itchy skin: Pruritus, or intense itching, is the main symptom of atopic eczema. It can be so severe that it interferes with daily life and sleep, leading to exhaustion and irritability.
Inflamed and dry skin: Affected skin typically becomes red or inflamed, with the severity varying depending on the individual and the stage of the condition. People with atopic eczema often have dry and scaly skin, which can crack and bleed in severe cases.
Thickened skin: With chronic scratching, the skin can become thick and leathery, a condition known as lichenification.
Skin discoloration: Prolonged inflammation can lead to changes in skin pigmentation, resulting in dark or light patches.
Itchy eyes and sneezing: Some individuals with atopic eczema may also experience allergic symptoms such as itchy eyes and sneezing, especially in response to environmental allergens.
Management and treatment
While there is no cure for atopic eczema, various management strategies can help alleviate symptoms and improve the quality of life for those affected. Here are some essential approaches to managing atopic eczema:
Moisturize: Keeping the skin well-hydrated is crucial. Use emollients or moisturizers regularly to prevent dryness and reduce the risk of flare-ups.
Immune modulators: In some cases, non-steroidal topical medications like calcineurin inhibitors (e.g., tacrolimus and pimecrolimus) may be recommended to manage eczema symptoms.
Wet dressings: Applying wet dressings to affected areas can provide relief from itching and inflammation. This technique involves using a wet cloth or gauze over moisturized skin.
Phototherapy: Phototherapy, or light therapy, involves exposing the skin to controlled doses of Ultraviolet (UV) light under medical supervision. It can be an effective treatment for moderate to severe atopic eczema.
Allergen testing: In cases where allergens are suspected triggers, allergy testing can help identify specific sensitivities and guide avoidance measures.
Citation: Aggarwal H. 2023. Understanding the Causes, Symptoms, and Management of Atopic Eczema. Der Pharma Lett.15:05-06.
Copyright: © 2023 Aggarwal H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.