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Understanding the Most Common Skin Cancer Basal Cell Carcinoma
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Der Pharmacia Lettre

Opinion - Der Pharmacia Lettre ( 2023) Volume 15, Issue 9

Understanding the Most Common Skin Cancer Basal Cell Carcinoma

Yang Niu*
 
Department of Dermatology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China
 
*Corresponding Author:
Yang Niu, Department of Dermatology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Email: yangniu@gmail.com

Received: 28-Aug-2023, Manuscript No. DPL-23-116747; Editor assigned: 01-Sep-2023, Pre QC No. DPL-23-116747 (PQ); Reviewed: 15-Sep-2023, QC No. DPL-23-116747; Revised: 22-Sep-2023, Manuscript No. DPL-23-116747 (R); Published: 29-Sep-2023 , DOI: 10.37532/dpl.2023.15.03 , Citations: Niu Y. 2023. Understanding the Most Common Skin Cancer Basal Cell Carcinoma. Der Pharma Lett.15:03-04. ,
Copyright: 2023 Niu Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Description

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) stands as the most common type of skin cancer, accounting for the majority of cases diagnosed annually worldwide. Although it rarely spreads to other parts of the body, it can cause significant damage if left untreated. Understanding its causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options is crucial in managing this prevalent yet often overlooked form of cancer.

The exact cause of basal cell carcinoma is not fully understood, but it is mainly linked to long-term exposure to Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds. UV radiation damages the DNA in skin cells, leading to the development of cancerous growths. Individuals with fair skin, light-colored eyes, and a history of frequent sun exposure are at a higher risk. Moreover, a family history of skin cancer, a weakened immune system, and exposure to certain environmental factors, such as arsenic, can increase the likelihood of developing BCC.

Basal cell carcinoma typically appears as a small, shiny bump or nodule on the skin, often resembling a pimple that doesn't heal. These growths are usually painless but may bleed and develop a crust. BCC can also manifest as a flat, scaly, reddish patch or a waxy, translucent bump. While it can occur anywhere on the body, BCC is most commonly found on sun-exposed areas like the face, neck, and ears.

If an abnormal skin growth is suspected, a dermatologist will conduct a thorough examination, often using a dermatoscope to closely inspect the lesion. In some cases, a skin biopsy might be performed to confirm the diagnosis. During a biopsy, a small sample of the affected skin is removed and examined under a microscope by a pathologist. This definitive diagnosis guides the treatment plan.

Treatment Options

Several treatment options are available for basal cell carcinoma, with the choice depending on the size, location, and type of the lesion, as well as the patient's overall health.

Surgical excision: The tumor is surgically removed, along with a margin of healthy skin to ensure complete eradication of cancer cells.

Mohs surgery: This precise surgical technique involves removing thin layers of skin, examining them under a microscope immediately, and continuing the process until no cancer cells are detected, thus minimizing damage to healthy tissue.

Curettage and electrodesiccation: The cancerous tissue is scraped off using a curette, followed by cauterization to destroy any remaining cancer cells.

Radiation therapy: High-energy X-rays are targeted at the tumor, especially in cases where surgery might be challenging due to the tumor's location or the patient's health condition.

Topical medications: Certain topical creams or gels, like imiquimod and 5-fluorouracil, can be applied directly to the affected area, stimulating the body's immune response to eliminate the cancer cells.

Preventing basal cell carcinoma primarily involves minimizing exposure to UV radiation. This includes wearing protective clothing, using broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF, avoiding outdoor activities during peak sunlight hours, and avoiding tanning beds. Regular skin checks and prompt evaluation of any suspicious growths are also crucial, as early detection significantly improves the prognosis.

In conclusion, basal cell carcinoma, while often localized and treatable, underscores the importance of sun safety and regular skin examinations. By understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment options, individuals can take proactive measures to protect their skin and reduce the risk of developing this prevalent form of skin cancer. Education, awareness, and early detection are main elements in managing basal cell carcinoma effectively and ensuring the best possible outcomes for those affected by this condition.

Citation: Niu Y. 2023. Understanding the Most Common Skin Cancer Basal Cell Carcinoma. Der Pharma Lett.15:03-04.

Copyright: 2023 Niu Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.