Medicinal plants are native legacies with universal and global significance that are considered as one of the most valuable assets of each country. To gain knowledge of these plants is one of the most important indicators of development in any countries. Study of medicinal plants in any region is very important for different potentials of these plants such as pharmacologic and industrial aspects. Regarding recent interest in and lack of information on medicinal plants, their therapeutic properties, and the approaches to their preparation and extraction, native information and traditional knowledge could contribute significantly to initiating scientific investigations on these plants. Therefore, it is necessary to take significant measures to use and promote systematic methods of utilization of these valuable resources by knowing these plants and obtaining necessary information about their habitats, ecological characteristics, and therapeutic uses. In this article, the latest scientific information on Allium hirtifolium, a medicinal, industrial and edible plant, is presented.