Diabetes is a complex metabolic condition that requires meticulous management on a global approach. Poor management and control of diabetes often leads to poor disease outcomes. The management of diabetes and its complications presents an increasing challenge to healthcare system throughout the world. New findings regarding chronic eye complications of diabetes (cataract, glaucoma, and retinopathy), their prevalence and incidence, and risk factors involved were discussed in this paper. So, prevention of diabetes will need deeper understanding by the patients and their surroundings before medical advancements throw up a magical cure to it. Pharmacist can play an important role by screening patients at higher risk for diabetes, assessing patient health status and adherence to standards of care, patient education referring patients to other health care professionals as appropriate for other complications monitoring the outcomes build up of awareness and high motivation levels among society as a whole will ensure active co-operation of every individual for a healthy living.