The present study presents the bioactive profile of Polygala arillata Buch.-Ham ex D.Don using GC-MS. The phytochemical constituents of leaf and stem ethanolic extracts of Polygala arillata were investigated using Fisons Gas-chromatography – Mass spectrometry. The mass spectra of the compounds in the leaf and stem extracts was matched with National Institute of standards and Technology (NIST) Library. GC-MS analysis of ethanolic extracts of leaf and stem revealed the presence of eight compounds. The retention time and peak areas of the identified compounds are presented in the table. The identified chemical compounds will prove valuable in pharmacology investigations.