There is considerable interest in the n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in human health. It has been demonstrated that the FA composition of broiler meat can be altered by changing the content of the broiler’s diet.The lipid composition of broiler meat can be modified by adding linoleic and linolenic acids and fish oils (FO). Fish oil may inhibit the desaturation of n-6 FA, with a subsequent lowering of plasma lipids. The FA composition of the broiler chicken carcass may be influenced considerably by the diet administered. Dietary n-3 FA has been reported to aid in the prevention of certain diseases, especially cardiovascular disorders. The present paper will discuss the essential fatty acid useful for enrichment of layinghen and broiler rations and provide guidelines on how these sources can best be used in the development of a healthful, n-3 FA-rich whole egg and meat.