SYNP was established in 2012. The total area of the site is 18 thousand hectares. The natural potential of the forest ecosystems of the Samur Yalama National Park is seriously affected by human activities and its self-recovery is not possible. The aim of our study was to examine the current state of the fauna of mammals and arthropods in the National Park, to identify the causes of rundown and make recommendations to eliminate the consequences of human-induced disturbance. According to the results of field research and processing data in the literature on the territory SYNP revealed, 50 species of mammals belonging to 14 families and 7 orders, 237 species of arthropods belonging to 3 classes, 20 orders, 39 families. 4 species of mammals and 8 species of arthropods included in the Red Book of Azerbaijan. The results of the research revealed the main causes of disappearance and to reduce the number of rare species and provides some recommendations for the primary protection.