Background and Objective: Induction of labor refers to the stimulation of contractions before the labor starts spontaneously, with or without ruptured membranes. The present study aimed to compare the maternal outcomes of induced versus spontaneous labor.
Methodology: A comparative study was conducted in Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil city from February 2020 to February 2021. Using purposive (non-probability) sampling techniques, 240 pregnant women (120 with induced labor and 120 with spontaneous labor) were recruited into the study. Through direct interviews, a proper researcher-designed questionnaire was utilized to collect the required data. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical approaches.
Results: There were significant to highly significant differences between the two delivery methods in terms of maternal outcomes, emergency cesarean section, postpartum blood loss, need for blood transfusion, uterine atony, perennial laceration, and postpartum hospital stay.
Conclusion There was the significance to a highly significant difference in maternal outcomes between induced and spontaneous labor.