Objectives: The study's goal was to determine the phytochemical elements and antioxidant potential in the leaves of Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae) (using a variety of polarity solvents, including aqueous, ethanol, and methanol), which have traditional and complementary medicines to treat a variety of metabolic problems.
Methodology: The leaves were washed, dried in the open air and ground into a coarse powder. Before the phytochemical screening, the powders were separated into five groups and soaked individually for one week in distilled water, ethanol, methanol, ethyl acetate, and hexane.
Results: The antioxidant activity ranged from 12 to 20 mg/ml with the 50 percent ethanol extract having the maximum antioxidant activity. The sample’s phenolic concentration was found to be between 0.54 and 1.12 mg/ml. The aqueous extract had the highest value (50 percent). The reducing sugar content for the sample was determined to be between 1.29 to 2.02 mg/ml. In the ethanolic extract, the greatest value was found. The alkaloids content ranged from 2.05 to 6.15 mg/gm, with the ethanolic extract containing the most. The protein level of the leaf sample ranged from 1.5 to 7.5 mg/ml. In the case of methanolic acid, the highest value was found (50 percent).
Conclusion: Plants include phytochemicals with antibacterial action, such as alkaloids, phenol, and essential oils. This is why herbs have been used to promote oral hygiene and prevent the emergence of common ailments since antiquity. Herbs and herbal products will play an increasingly important role in health and hygiene in the future.