Role of Microbial Induced Calcite Precipitation in Sustainable Development | Abstract
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Annals of Biological Research


Role of Microbial Induced Calcite Precipitation in Sustainable Development

Author(s): Shivangi Mathur, Arpan Bhatt, Ruby Patel

In past few decades urbanization is unprecedented in its magnitude and rate, which has led to construction of buildings and other material at large scale. Though cement is most preferred construction material used till date, technologies used to improve construction material and make it more environment friendly till date are not impressive e.g. grouting applications also has adverse effect on environment. It is only interdisciplinary research of Microbiology, Civil engineering and Geochemistry which can come up with a method like Microbial Induced Calcite Precipitation (MICP) and has become the focus of many studies as a first foray into developing a biomediated soil improvement technology due to the relative ease of investigation in the laboratory, no requirement of injections and low input as cultures can be reused. This paper is focused primarily on basic mechanism of calcite precipitation, factors affecting, its advantages and disadvantages. Potential applications and challenges in implementation of this technology at large scale are also discussed