Somatotype of Regional Cricketers of West Bengal in India | Abstract
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European Journal of Sports & Exercise Science


Somatotype of Regional Cricketers of West Bengal in India

Author(s): Subhashis Biswas* and Ankur Biswas

Heath-Carter somatotypes were sketched on 40 regional junior male cricketers of West Bengal to understand the structural differences according to specialization. The anthropometric profiles included the measurement of five skinfolds, two breadths, two girths along with height and weight. A significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) has been observed in height and humerus breadth among batsmen and bowlers according to Welch’s t-test. Batsmen are endomorphic mesomorph (3.2 – 3.4 – 2.9) and bowlers are mesomorph ectomorph (3.2 – 3.5 – 3.5). The overall mean somatotype of the Cricketers has been found balanced mesomorph (3.2 – 3.5 – 3.2). The study revealed that bowlers have relatively greater humerus breadth to support, generate maximum power from elbow joint during bowling. A lower value of relative segments (except arm girth) has been observed in cricketers compared to Phantom scores. The study suggests specific physical training of the regional cricketers according to specialization to develop mesomorphic components. The study will help coaches, trainers, nutritionists, practitioners to implement effective training, diet schedules accordingly and data can be used as reference values for future investigations.