Rab is a traditional method of burning land with naturally available biomass arranged in three layers. This method is used only for growing seedling of rice. A sample survey of 20 farmers were carried out by interview. Perception of farmers were recorded and their opinion regarding benefits of this method are, 7 % it controls weeds, 8 % suggest it eradicate diseases spores and available disease resistant seedlings. 8 %vigorous growth of seedlings, 4%rab operation is helpful for easy uprooting of seedlings, 2 % sturdy seedlings are obtained. Rab is also effective to sterilize soil, burn the grass seeds and develop high seed germination percentage. Leaf litter of forest tree species, 10-20 different plant twigs, FYM, grasses etc. are used in this method. Agriculture experts are need to search alternative practice to control loss of natural biodiversity which exist in remote hilly areas of western Maharashtra.