Bacopa monnieri is an important medicinal plant which has been used in Ayurvedic system of medicine from very
long period of time. It belongs to the Scrophulariaceae family and commonly known as Brahmi. It contains various
bioactive compounds which include saponins, glycosides, flavonoids and stigmasterols, etc. Due to the presence of
various bioactive compounds it possesses wide range of pharmacological properties which include memory and
learning enhancer, immunomodulator, adaptogen, cerebral activator, etc. The plant is over exploited due to the
preference of natural drugs over synthetic which compelled us for its conservation. The present review aims to
summarize the various chemical constituents present in this plant and its pharmacological activity.