The present study deals with the first-hand information of ethno-medicinal plants which are used traditionally by the
Ralte tribes of Mizoram. The treatment includes various ailments such as hypertension, tuberculosis, rheumatism,
allergies, fractured bones, jaundice, dysentery, cuts and wounds. The Ralte people of the study area represent a
well-organized tribe with unique dialect and identities. The study has revealed 106 plant species of ethno-botanical
importance belonging to 96 genera and 57 families. The need for complete inventory and documentation of such
indigenous knowledge is very important before they are being lost forever from the community.