Health and physical fitness | Abstract
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European Journal of Sports & Exercise Science


Health and physical fitness

Author(s): Jonny Brown*

Positive sports impacts are generally obtained through physical activity, but secondary effects include psychosocial and personal development, as well as reduced alcohol use. There are also negative consequences, such as the danger of failure, accidents, eating disorders, and burnout. Sport's position in society has grown in importance over the years, not just for the individual but also for public health, as physical exercise has become increasingly structured. In this study, we will discuss the physiological and psychosocial health benefits of sports, both as a result of physical exercise and as a result of participation in sports. This narrative review analyses research and offers Swedish government health-related statistics. Our daily lives are getting less physically active, while organized exercise and training is increasing, it is stated. The average calorie consumption is increasing, resulting in an energy surplus, and as a result, we are seeing an increase in the number of overweight people, which is a major contributor to health problems. Physical activity and exercise have been shown to have considerable benefits in the prevention and treatment of mental illness, such as depressive symptoms and anxiety or stress-related illnesses. Finally, sports can evolve if human capabilities, social circumstances, and biological and psychological maturity are considered. Evidence supports a dose–response relationship, implying that being active, even at a low level, is preferable to being sedentary or inactive. A summary of healthy sports recommendations is provided.