Identification of Noble Bacterial Consortia for Treatment of Petroleum Contaminated Soil | Abstract
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Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resources


Identification of Noble Bacterial Consortia for Treatment of Petroleum Contaminated Soil

Author(s): Umema Mohsin, Madan Lowry, Ranu Sharma, Falak Ahmed

Increase in demand and production of automobiles led to unexpected contamination of land around urban areas.
This sudden rise in amount of petroleum hydrocarbon in soil poses great concern to environment. Natural
remediation through microorganism is therefore recommended. In this study we have attempted to identify individual
isolates at local petroleum contaminated sites and prepare consortia to enhance degree of bioremediation. Soil
sample collected from three sites which further investigated for microbial soil respiration and enumerated for THBC
and PDBC growth rate. Distinct colonies were investigated for identification through 16s RNA and protein profiling,
followed by preparation of unique consortium by mixing isolated bacteria. Degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons
were estimated by recording growth rate of individual isolates and consortium. The amount of CO2 evolved in test
samples, i.e., T1, T2 and T3 following addition of 20 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg of Na2CO3 indicated decline by 50%
throughout the period of examination when compared to control. Growth of THBC in test samples were significantly
higher than control (P<0.05). For PDBC the total viable counts were 3.17 × 106 CFU/g, 3.03 × 106 CFU/g and 3.10
× 106 CFU/g in samples T1, T2 and T3, respectively. Identification of isolates by 16s rRNA sequencing revealed that
I1 was Pseudomonas rhodesiae, I2 was Caulobacter henricii, I3 was Cupriavidus gilardii and I4 was
Phenylobacterium koreense. Individually Pseudomonas rhodesiae performed better than other isolates, however,
among all five consortia, best result was recorded for consortium D which showed exceptional growth from 3rd day
onward. In conclusion our results evidently showed that consortium D significantly survived in petroleum
contaminated soil samples. Sustained growth rate of bacteria is predictive of its effectiveness in breaking down
complex PHCs in more usable intermediates.