The global population explosion is not a recent phenomenon; its roots may be traced all the way back to earlier period and extended all the way to the present day. Throughout history, scientists have established the concept of “overpopulation” and warned of the future implications if the world continues on its current path. Scientists invented the birth control pill and used eugenics to regulate population, as predicted. Despite this, the population continued to grow and diseases remained a continual threat. Another factor that boosted population growth was migration, which poses serious environmental risks. Natural ecosystems are destroyed as a result of urbanization, and carbon dioxide emissions are increased, causing climate change and global warming. Species are vanishing, and humanity faces the threat it created for itself.