The present study was conducted to assess farmer’s perceptions and attitudes on compost and chemical fertilizers to soil fertility improvement at Hawela Tula in South Ethiopia. Total of 65 farmers/respondents were selected for the study. In the present study, farmer perceptions were identified in the usage of compost and chemical fertilizers. Therefore, farmers have given less attention to compost either for the fertility of the soil or the yield of crops. In contrast, they gave great/more attention towards the usage of chemical fertilizers. Factors decreasing the usage of compost were identified: lack of knowledge, labor force requirement and lack of training. For the most part, the present examination demonstrated that farmerss did not give enough consideration regarding manure as contrasted and substance composts. Principally, they favored composts for the creation of yields and soil fruitfulness. The recommendation was given as creating awareness among farmers about the importance of compost to soil fertility while compared with chemical fertilizers.