Making Paulownia Elongata\'s Genetic Transformation and Plant Re
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Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resources

Short Communication - Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resources ( 2023) Volume 13, Issue 3

Making Paulownia Elongata\'s Genetic Transformation and Plant Regeneration as Effective as Possible

James Anderson* and Stephanie Anderson
Department of Natural Product and Plant Resources, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
*Corresponding Author:
James Anderson, Department of Natural Product and Plant Resources, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Email:

Received: 21-Apr-2023, Manuscript No. JNPPR-23-96701; Editor assigned: 24-Apr-2023, Pre QC No. JNPPR-23-96701 (PQ); Reviewed: 08-May-2023, QC No. JNPPR-23-96701; Revised: 21-Aug-2023, Manuscript No. JNPPR-23-96701 (R); Published: 28-Aug-2023


Four different types of explants from Paulownia elongata were used to assess the impact of plant tissue culture media with different concentrations of growth regulators and carbon sources on organogenesis and plant regeneration. When full leaf or half leaf explants with attached petioles were cultivated on either MS or B5 medium with 25 M thidiazuron, 10 M indole acetic acid, and 30 g L1 maltose as a carbon source, the best response to adventitious shoot proliferation was seen among the several treatments used. On a modified MS medium containing 5 M indole butyric acid, proliferated branches were rooted within five days, and plants were effectively acclimated and hardened for greenhouse transfer. Protocols for genetic transformation were improved by using the neomycin phosphotransferase II and green fluorescent protein genes. Using media that was tailored for shoot growth and rooted, Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation of half leaves with petiole explants yielded transgenic plants. PCR and RT-PCR were used to find the GFP transgene's insertion and expression.


Paulownia, Plant, Regeneration, Plant extract, Plants


The fast-growing Paulownia genus includes nine species and several natural hybrids of trees are indigenous to China and its neighboring nations. Trees can be cultivated for a variety of purposes, including the production of animal feed, biochar, and bio composite materials. They are also grown for the production of timber, musical instruments, and agroforestry programs. According to research on Paulownia species, the tree could be fully utilised as a valuable feedstock for the production of bioenergy. Paulownia leaves make an excellent feed crop for tiny ruminants because they are high in proteins and other nutrients. Paulownia is a popular phytoremediation agent because of its quick growth, which enables it to remove heavy metals, trace elements, and swine feces from contaminated soils quickly. Paulownia species with nectariferous flowers are a plentiful source of honey. Long-term, systematic research on three Paulownia species disprove the idea that P. tomentosa is invasive, despite the fact that the plant had enjoyed this reputation. The need for planting material for paulownias forced the creation of in vitro regeneration techniques. In response to various combinations of cytokinin and auxin treatments, Paulownia plant regeneration was accomplished through somatic embryogenesis or organogenesis employing shoot tip, petiole, stem, leaf, cotyledon, and hypocotyl explants. However, organogenesis based shoot proliferation rates were only 1 shoot to 5 shoots per explant, which was noticeably low. This shows the urgent need for explant selection and medium composition optimization to enhance Paulownia regeneration and enable the commercial production of attractive clones as well as serve as target tissues for the insertion of genes and the creation of transgenic plants with value-added features. Paulownia elongata transgenic plant attempts have not been very effective due to the plant's poor regeneration after genetic modification. In P. elongata and P. fortunei explants, agrobacterium- mediated transformation produced transgenic callus, hairy roots, or shoots with kanamycin resistance at a very low frequency. In earlier studies, various Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains were used to evaluate transformation and transgenic plant recovery. The strains were not neutralised, however, and as a result cultures either produced galls or hairy roots, and no transgenic plants were collected. Agrobacterium mediated transformation was used in other research, although the amount of recovered transgenic shoots was minimal. Additionally, efforts have been made to enhance biolistic production procedures for transgenic plants in P. elongata. After successful transformation, transgenic Paulownia kawakamii plants displaying a MADS box transcription factor involved in the regulation of shoot morphogenesis were described. The adventitious shoot induction and proliferation response of Paulownia elongata were examined in the current study utilising different explants, basal salts, carbon sources, and doses of growth regulators at various levels.


Histology and scanning electron microscopy was used to record the shoot induction and proliferation responses. Additionally, a genetic transformation procedure was created using effective regeneration techniques that were developed as a result of these investigations. Using the Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain Eha105, transgenic plants expressing the GFP reporter gene and the selectable marker NPTII gene were created. The study shows how a highly effective regeneration process was created and used to create transgenic P. elongata trees. Sterilization and germination of seeds P. elongata certified seeds were purchased from Kisden LLC in Parrotsville, Tennessee, and kept at 4℃ until usage. By soaking seeds in distilled water with a few drops of 20 Fungigone for one hour, seeds were allowed to germinate. The seeds were then three times thoroughly rinsed in sterile distilled water and given a 1-minute soak in 70% ethanol. Seeds treated with ethanol were moved to a laminar. Initiation of and growth of newshoots. The licorice roots were gathered in the Gazipur neighborhood of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Licorice wasexamined to make sure it was clean and free of contaminants before extraction. Then, a tiny piece of licorice wasoven dried at 45°C and submerged in water for 24 hours at a ratio of 1:10. The licorice extract was then three timesfiltered through nylon mesh. On either MS or B5 medium with 25 M TDZ, shoot proliferation was seen in earlyexperiments on Paulownia organogenesis. The combination of different carbon sources and IAA concentrationswith MS or B5 medium containing 25 M TDZ was explored in order to further increase the shoot proliferationrates. No adventitious shoot induction was seen among the different explants incubated on SIM treatments in thecontrol medium, which lacked growth regulators. Finally, a 50:50 mixture of the produced PVA solution andlicorice solution was added. For one hour, a magnetic stirrer was utilised to create a homogenous, uniform solution.The prepared solution is then injected into the electrospinning machine's pump using a syringe. PVA and licoriceextract were used in the electrospinning machine to create the nano-fibrous membrane under optimal processingconditions. We present the creation of a highly effective technique for P. elongata plant regeneration. The bestresponse to shoot proliferation was seen in whole leaves and half leaves with petioles among the several explantsstudied. Specific cells in explant tissues undergo differentiation during morphogenesis to become meristemoids,which later develop into shoots and roots. From the cut ends of the cells, the induction of meristemoids andsubsequent shoot production.


At last it is concluded that Paulownia species have a quick growth rate and offer numerous financial and environmental advantages. Rapid spread of superior clonal material will benefit from an effective in vitro technique. The current work clarifies the selection of explants, media, plant growth regulators, carbon sources, and their focus on priming and multiplication stages for P. elongata micro propagation. Organogenesis-derived plants demonstrated brisk growth. Additionally, the regeneration.