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David O. Draper

College of Life Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, United States


  • Research Article   
    Tissue Temperature Increase from Blue-Red Photobiomodulation Therapy Patch
    Author(s): David O. Draper* and Aaron Wells

    Context: Photobiomodulation (PBM) has been used to treat musculoskeletal injuries, reduce pain, heal tissue, and improve muscle performance and function. Many physiological effects of PBM therapy have been examined, but the thermal effects of PBM therapy have yet to be determined. Objective: To determine the superficial tissue heating characteristics of a Red and Blue combination light patch. Design: Controlled laboratory study. Setting: Research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Ten healthy individuals (M=5, F=5, age 22.2 ± 2.3, height (170.3 ± 13.1 kg). Interventions: Participants were positioned prone on a padded treatment table. While lying on the table, their posterior calf was cleansed before an IT-21 needle thermocouple was inserted 0.5 cm into the subcutaneous tissue. A PT-IT needle was secured to the posterior calf adjacent to the needle thermocouple. .. Read More»

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